In Jordan, around 130,000 registered Syrian refugees and 400,000 registered Palestinian refugees live in camps under the supervision of either the Syrian Refugee Affairs Directorate (SRAD) or the Department of Palestinian affairs (DPA) of the Jordanian government. The ten Palestinian refugee camps are operated in partnership with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). The three Syrian refugee camps are operated in partnership with either the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) or the Emirati Red Crescent. Many international organisations and NGOs are also involved in the provision of services and infrastructures in the camps.
In Jordan, Syrian refugees can receive temporary protection from UNHCR under the framework of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed in 1998 with the Jordanian Ministry of Interior. Syrian refugees arrived in Jordan following the start of the civil war in 2011 in neighboring Syria. Not all Syrian refugees live in camps, as 80% live in urban or rural areas. In order to leave or settle out of the camps, Syrian refugees must receive the permission from Jordanian authorities. Some refugees have been living in camps since 2012. Palestinian refugees started arriving in Jordan since 1948 after they had to leave their homeland subsequent to the proclamation of the state of Israel and the Israeli-Arab wars. Some live in the camps since then, however today 80% are living out of camps. Furthermore, most Palestinian refugees have been granted Jordanian citizenship since 1949 in addition to their refugee status.