In Luxembourg, every year since 2015, about 2000 applications for international protection are lodged. Upon arrival, asylum seekers are accommodated in reception facilities managed by a government agency called ONA (Office national de l’accueil – National Reception Office) which comes under the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. The majority of facilities is managed directly by this government agency, with Red Cross and Caritas also operating more than a third of them.
Since 2021, the reception of refugees is organised around two main ‘phases’, i.e. first reception and temporary reception. Upon arrival, asylum seekers are briefly accommodated in a facility called DPA (dispositif primo-accueil – first reception scheme) while they await the results of their Covid-19 tests.
They are then moved to a large recently opened facility called CPA (centre primo-accueil – first reception centre) near Luxembourg City in which they stay while they lodge their application for international protection, undergo medical tests, and their needs are assessed. Then, they are transferred in so-called ‘temporary’ facilities in which they stay whilst their asylum applications are being processed. Due to a lack of affordable housing in Luxembourg, and difficulties to access the housing market for refugees, some residents end up staying for several months or years in the ‘temporary’ facilities even after they have been granted international protection status.